On the 9th of November, 2014, Germany experienced the 25th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall that separated Germany into a communist East Germany and West Germany from 1961 to 1989 which was the powerful symbol of the victim of the Cold War. There are still bricks of the wall left for the memory of the time. On this day, German Chancellor Angela Markel visited the place and put roses on the remaining sections of the wall, and later has said, “ The fall of the Berlin Wall has shown that dreams can come true and nothing has to stay as it is”.
Even though it has already been 25 years since the wall was destroyed and people say that they have forgotten it, nevertheless it still stays true that there are people feeling uneasy about traveling to the East. In an interview conducted by ODN with a man who had grown up in the West, he said “ It is bit weird, isn’t it? It’s bit strange, but we all have gotten used to it, but as I was born in West, it is still weird just to go to the East”. It is quite easy to imagine how astonishing it was to be able to go across the borderline where approximately 136 people died trying to escape from the East to the west due to the accidental and illegal actions done by the guards of the wall.
The construction of the Berlin Wall started on August 13th in 1961 for the sake of stopping people from fleeing to West Germany from East Germany, which was occupied by the Soviet Union back in time. It is still a memorable moment that John F. Kennedy, the president of the United States gave a speech “Ich bin ein Berliner” in West Berlin on 2nd of June in 1963 delivered to more than 450,000 people.
“Two thousand years ago, the proudest boast was civis romanus sum [“I am a Roman citizen”]. Today, in the world of freedom, the proudest boast is “Ich bin ein Berliner!”… All free men, wherever they may live, are citizens of Berlin, and therefore, as a free man, I take pride in the words “Ich bin ein Berliner!”
There had been a number of movies and TV documentaries made based on this factual event and still keeps touching million of lives nowadays. It is said about 3.5 million people migrated from East to West Germany before the beginning of construction in 1961 which sums up to 20% of total population of East Germany, and 0.5 million did the same between 1961 to 1988 in the hope of finding better living standards.
There are still many people that have been suffering from threats to their human rights in different forms. People are persecuted on the basis of religion, race, gender and more even in today’s world as the same way German people were treated. As Mrs. Markel delivered a speech to those in need of helps for human rights: “We can change things for the better. This is the message for… Ukraine, Iraq and other places where human rights are threatened”, let’s hope that people in these situations can break away from these threatening and fear just like Germans made it happen in 1989.